The adenoid forms part of lymphoid tissue at the portal of the upper respiratory tract. It lies within the mucous membrane of the roof and posterior wall of the nasopharynx. Regression of the adenoid occurs rapidly after 15 years of age in most children.
The function of the Adenoid is to produce antibodies. The adenoid produces B-cells, giving rise to IgG and IgA plasma cells. In children aged 4–10 years, adenotonsillectomy does not appear to cause significant immune deficiency.
The main curative treatment for adenoid hypertrophy is surgery. Medical treatment with topical nasal steroid spray can be used, but it is not curative and takes a long time.
It is the operation of Adenoid removal. It can be done by several surgical methods which include:
Although the complications of Adenoidectomy are rare, they may involve the following: