Department of Nephrology
A well-trained team & the best of facilities to treat your conditions
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatric that focuses on kidneys diseases. The kidneys are vital for life as they perform the essential functions of removing excess water and waste products from the blood. They regulate the body’s fluid, electrolyte, acid-base levels, blood pressure, play a vital role in the production of red blood cells, and help maintain healthy bones, but they are altered by several disease conditions also by drugs and toxins.
Treatment & services
- Blood tests reveal raised or altered levels of urea, creatinine, and electrolytes, including sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphates, blood urea nitrogen, and more
- Urine analysis, which may reveal excess proteins that are being excreted along with urine from the body. This is a sign of kidney damage that is mainly seen in diabetic nephropathy or long-term kidney diseases
- Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR), a test to estimate kidney function level and determine the stage of chronic kidney disease. In clinical practice, the estimation of GFR is based on serum creatinine, age, gender
- Ultrasound scanning, one of the most typical and most used non-invasive imaging studies for kidneys diseases such as hydronephrosis, polycystic kidney disease, kidney stones, etc.
Other imaging studies, including:
- Computed Tomography scan (CT scan) or Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. This can also help detect renal tumors and cancer
- MR angiography to detect abnormalities in the blood vessels within the kidneys
- Renal biopsy: If a kidney lesion is detected, a small amount of renal tissue is taken using long thin hollow needles under the guidance of ultrasound or other imaging studies
- In patients with normal kidney function, Intravenous urography (IVU), a test where an iodinated contrast dye is injected into the veins of the person, which is then imaged using X rays or other imaging studies like CT scan to detect the flow of the blood and formation of urine in the kidneys as well as its outflow as it traverses through the kidneys
- Scintigraphy, another test using radioactive isotopes that helps to detect abnormal functions of the kidney and its vessels
- Renal Arteriography involves inserting a thin catheter into the femoral artery and under guidance through an imaging study
Consultants Nephrologists at the Department of Nephrology at Fakeeh University Hospital are well-trained to deal with the following diseases that come under the scope of Nephrology:
- Primary and Secondary high blood pressure diagnosis and treatment
- Urine abnormalities which include excess excretion of protein, sugar, blood, casts, crystals, etc.
- Glomerular disorders that affect the tiny filtering systems of the kidneys called the glomerulus
- Renal vascular diseases are affecting the blood vessel networks within the kidneys
- Renal injury (failure) that can be sudden or acute, or chronic (long term)
- Kidney and bladder stones
- Kidney and urinary tract infections
- Effects of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure on kidneys.
- Acid-base imbalances and electrolytes (metabolic) disorders
- Secondary effects of drugs and toxins on the kidneys
- A metabolic disorder, such as gout
- Autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune vasculitis, lupus, etc.
- Polycystic kidneys diseases where large cysts or fluid-filled sacs are formed within the kidney impairing its functions-this is a congenital, inherited condition
- Preparation for Dialysis and management of vascular access for dialysis and short /long-term complications
- Prevention of malnutrition and muscular hypotrophy in dialyzed patients
- Treatment of Anemia and Secondary hyperparathyroidism
- Preparing patients in end-stage renal disease for a kidney transplant and following them after the transplantation surgery
- Replacement therapy with Hemodialysis/Hemodiafiltration
Dialysis Unit at Fakeeh University Hospital
Our hospital offers dialysis facility for patients with End Stage Renal Disease who needs dialysis. A comprehensive team is available at the unit to take care of every need of the patient. We regularly interact with the patient and the family to keep them updated with the latest care plan.
We provide renal nutritional consultation, transplant evaluation, in-patient and out-patient services.
Here are some of the features of our Dialysis Unit
- At a time, we can cater to about 96 patients, with AK98 machines (one of the best available technologies currently)
- We have separate male & female areas
- We also have an isolation section for hepatitis patients as well for COVID positive cases
- Home Hemodialysis Program is available, where we arrange dialysis for patients at their homes
- Pediatric nephrology (above the age of 6 years), is also available
- The Unit is staffed with certified & qualified healthcare professionals, including nurses, doctors, technicians & support staff
- A central monitoring system is in place, to ensure seamless care for the patients
- We are establishing a peritoneal dialysis program, wherein the patient can do his own peritoneal dialysis, either manually or in an automated manner
- We are also in the process of preparing the FUH Renal Transplantation Program, for patients who are viable candidate for transplantations
- Pediatric nephrology (for children below the age of 6 years), will soon be launched