Interstitial cystitis is the occurrence of persistent/recurrent pain in the urinary bladder. The term is mostly used for patients with typical cystoscopic features. It is usually accompanied by at least one other symptom. There is usually no obvious infection or any other specific issue. The condition is mostly connected with negative cognitive, behavioral, sexual or emotional consequences, and symptoms suggestive of lower urinary tract and sexual dysfunction.
The usual symptoms of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) include:
The problem primarily affects women. Due to late treatment seeking, the average age at the time of diagnosis is around 40 years. Although, as per statistics, almost 35% of patients start having symptoms in childhood. Thus, the condition can also affect children.
The diagnosis of interstitial cystitis is usually based on a thorough assessment and exclusion of other causes. Some of the ways are mentioned here:
Your doctor will choose the treatment best suited to your needs. Usually, treatment modalities are symptomatic and supportive in nature. Some of the them are mentioned here:
Most people will have complete resolution of symptoms within months. Some patients may experience the below recovery phase/s: