Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. hemorrhoids have several causes, although often the cause is unknown.
Signs and symptoms of Hemorrhoids may include:
Hemorrhoid symptoms usually depend on the location:
Bleeding during bowel movements is the most common sign of hemorrhoids. Your doctor can do a physical examination and perform other tests to confirm hemorrhoids and rule out more-serious conditions or diseases.
Also talk to your doctor if you know you have hemorrhoids and they cause pain, bleed frequently or excessively, or don’t improve with home remedies.
Don’t assume rectal bleeding is due to hemorrhoids, especially if you are over 40 years old. Rectal bleeding can occur with other diseases, including colorectal cancer and anal cancer.
If you have bleeding along with a marked change in bowel habits or if your stools change in color or consistency, consult your doctor. These types of stools can signal more extensive bleeding elsewhere in your digestive tract.
Seek emergency care if you experience large amounts of rectal bleeding, lightheadedness, dizziness or faintness.
The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Swollen veins (Hemorrhoids) can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to:
As you get older, you’re at greater risk of hemorrhoids. That’s because the tissues that support the veins in your rectum and anus can weaken and stretch. This can also happen when you›re pregnant, because the baby’s weight puts pressure on the anal region.
Complications of hemorrhoids are very rare but include:
The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep your stools soft, so they pass easily. To prevent hemorrhoids and reduce symptoms of hemorrhoids, follow these tips: