Colorectal surgery deals with disorders of the rectum, anus, and colon. It is also known as proctology, but this term is now used infrequently within medicine and is most often employed to identify practices relating to the anus and rectum in particular. It involves removing the cancer and some of the wall of the rectum. Your doctor may do it through the anus (the opening of the rectum) or through a small cut in the rectum. The procedure does not require major surgery.
One may need a colorectal surgery in case of:
There are many types of colorectal surgeries. Your surgeon will be the right person to decide which surgery is ideal for you, depending upon your diagnosis and condition. Following are some of the colorectal surgeries:
A colectomy, or, colon resection, removes all or part of the large intestine.
A colostomy is a surgical procedure during which your surgeon creates a hole in your abdominal wall and pulls one end of the colon through the opening. Surgeons perform colostomy procedures to treat a number of colon and rectal conditions.
This procedure fundamentally alters how your body excretes waste and fecal matter. While you will need some time to get used to living with a colostomy, you will find that you can live a full life, complete with all the activities you enjoyed previously. The area where the new opening sits is called a stoma. This is where waste matter will exit your body. After your procedure, you will need a colostomy bag, which collects the waste from your body. The bag lies outside of your body. Before you are discharged, a trained ostomy nurse will teach you how to care for your stoma and manage the bag.
The colostomy is either temporary or permanent:
By six to twelve weeks most people are back to normal activity, with the exception of any work involving heavy lifting or prolonged and vigorous sports. As a general rule, listen to your body and use your common sense. Do not push yourself too hard. You do not have to put up with severe pain after surgery.
After returning home, you will resume your recovery. In case of any complications, you should call the hospital.
Call your surgeon immediately, if: