عيون ( طب وجراحة العيون)

Overview

A heart transplant is an operation in which a diseased, failing heart is replaced with a healthier donor heart. Heart transplant is a treatment that’s usually reserved for people whose condition hasn’t improved enough with medications or other surgeries.

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Ventricular assist

For some people who cannot have a heart transplant, another option may be a ventricular assist device (VAD). A ventricular assist device is a mechanical pump implanted in your chest that helps pump blood from the lower chambers of your heart (ventricles) to the rest of your body. VADs are commonly used as temporary treatments for people waiting for heart transplants. These devices are increasingly being used as long-term treatments for people who have heart failure but are not eligible for heart transplants. If a VAD doesn’t help your heart,

Besides the risks of having open-heart surgery, which include bleeding, infection and blood clots, risks of a heart transplant include:

  • Rejection of the donor heart. One of the most significant risks after a heart transplant is your body rejecting the donor heart.
  • Your immune system may see your donor heart as a foreign object and try to
    reject it, which can damage the heart. Every heart transplant recipient receives medications to prevent rejection (immunosuppressants), and as a result, the rate of rejection continues to decrease. Sometimes, a change in medications will halt rejection if it occurs.
  • To help prevent rejection, it’s critical that you always take your medications as
    prescribed and keep all your appointments with your doctor.
  •  Rejection often occurs without symptoms. To determine whether your body is rejecting the new heart, you’ll have frequent heart biopsies during the first year after your transplant. After that, you won’t need biopsies as often.
  • During the biopsy, a tube is inserted into a vein in your neck or groin and directed to your heart. A biopsy device is run through the tube to take a tiny sample of heart tissue, which is examined in a lab.
  • Primary graft failure. With this condition, the most frequent cause of death in the first few months after transplant, the donor heart doesn’t function.
  • Problems with your arteries. After your transplant, it’s possible that the walls of
    the

How you prepare

Preparations for a heart transplant often begin weeks or months before you receive a donor heart.

Taking the first steps

If your doctor recommends a heart transplant, you’ll likely be referred to a heart transplant center for evaluation. Or you can select a transplant center on your own. Check your health insurance to see which transplant centers are covered under your plan.

When evaluating a heart transplant center, consider the number of heart transplants a center performs each year and the survival rates. You can compare transplant center statistics using a database maintained by the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients.

You should also check to see if a transplant center offers other services you might need. These
include coordinating support groups, assisting with travel arrangements, helping you find local housing for your recovery period or directing you to organizations that can help with these concerns.

Once you decide on a center, you’ll need to have an evaluation to see if you’re eligible for a

  • Have a heart condition that would benefit from transplantation
  • Might benefit from other, less aggressive treatment options
  •  Are healthy enough to undergo surgery and post-transplant treatments
  •  Will agree to quit smoking, if you smoke
  • Are willing and able to follow the medical program outlined by the transplant team
  • Can emotionally handle the wait for a donor heart
  • Have a supportive network of family and friends to help you during this stressful time

Waiting for a donor organ

If the transplant center medical team determines that you’re a good candidate for a heart transplant, the center will put you on a waiting list. The wait can be long since there are more people who need hearts than donors. Finding a donor depends on your size, your blood type and how sick you are.

While you’re on the waiting list, your medical team will monitor your heart and other organs and adjust your treatment as necessary. The team will help you learn to care for your heart by eating well and being active.

If medical therapy fails to support your vital organs as you wait for a donor heart, your doctors might recommend that you have a device implanted to support your heart while you wait for a donor organ. These devices are known as ventricular assist devices (VADs). The devices are also referred to as bridges to transplantation because they gain you some time to wait until a donor heart is available.

 

Immediately before your transplant surgery

A heart transplant usually needs to occur within four hours of organ removal for the donor organ to remain usable. As a result, hearts are offered first to a transplant center close by and then to centers within certain distances of the donor hospital.The transplant center will provide you with a pager or cellphone to notify you when a potential heart is available. You must keep your cellphone or pager charged and turned on at all times.

Once you’re notified, you and your transplant team have limited time to accept the donation. You’ll have to go to the transplant hospital immediately after being notified. As much as possible, make travel plans ahead of time. Some heart transplant centers provide private air transportation or other travel arrangements. Have a suitcase packed with everything

 

Most people who receive a heart transplant enjoy a good quality of life. Depending on your
condition, you may be able to resume many of your daily life activities, such as returning to work, participating in hobbies and sports, and exercising. Discuss with your doctor what activities are appropriate for you.

Some women who have had heart transplants can become pregnant. However, talk to your
doctor if you’re considering having children after your transplant. You’ll likely need medication

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Book: FUH Family Health Book, 5th Edition
For some people who cannot have a heart transplant, another option may be a ventricular assist device (VAD). A ventricular assist device is a mechanical pump implanted in your chest that helps pump blood from the lower chambers of your heart (ventricles) to the rest of your body. VADs are commonly used as temporary treatments for people waiting for heart transplants. These devices are increasingly being used as long-term treatments for people who have heart failure but are not eligible for heart transplants. If a VAD doesn’t help your heart,

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Fakeeh in Rochester, Minn., has been recognized as one of the top Cardiology & Heart Surgery hospitals in the nation for 2020-2021 by U.S. News & World Report.
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